- An insight into the flags and emblems of Cuba -
Coat of Arms
National

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National Coat of Arms
El Escudo Cubano
Miguel de Teurbe Tolon created the Cuban Coat of Arms (el Escudo Cubano).

The Cuban Coat of Arms consists of three divisions, crowned by the Phrygian Cap (Gorro Frigio).

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Regional

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Pinar del Rio Coat of Arms
Pinar del Rio
The Province of Pinar del Río is located on the extreme western part of Cuba. It has an area of 13,500 square kilometers (5,400 square miles), occupying approximately 12% of the entire Island of Cuba. Pinar del Río is the fourth largest province of Cuba.
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La Habana Coat of Arms
La Habana
The Province of La Habana is located on the central western part of Cuba. It has an area of 8,221 square kilometers (3,288 square miles) and is the smallest province of Cuba. The population estimates according to the 1953 census were approximately 1,538,803 residents, second largest following the province of Oriente.
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Matanzas Coat of Arms
Matanzas
The Province of Matanzas is located toward the central part of Cuba. It has an area of 8,444 square kilometers (3,378 square miles). Matanzas is the fifth largest province of Cuba, greater only than the Province of La Habana. The population estimates according to the 1953 ...
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Las Villas Coat of Arms
Las Villas
The Province of Las Villas is located in the central part of Cuba. It has an area of 21,411square kilometers (8,564 square miles). Las Villas, or Santa Clara as it was called up to the 1940 Constitutional Agreement, is the third largest province of Cuba, following the Provinces of Oriente and Camagüey.
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Camagüey Coat of Arms
Camagüey
The Province of Camagüey is located toward the central eastern part of Cuba. It has an area of 26,346 square kilometers (10,538 square miles). Camagüey is the second largest province of Cuba, smaller only than the Province of Oriente. The population estimates according to the 1953 census were ...
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Oriente Coat of Arms
Oriente
The Province of Oriente is located toward the extreme eastern part of Cuba. It has an area of 36,602 square kilometers (14,641 square miles) and occupies approximately one third of all of Cuba. Oriente is the largest province of Cuba. The population estimates according to the 1953 census were ...
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City/Town

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Havana Coat of Arms
Havana
The three castles represent the three original main castles which defended the city - namely, the Fuerza Castle, The Morro Castle and the Punta Castle. The key represents that Cuba and its key city Havana were the Key to the Gulf of Mexico represented by the blue background.

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Güines Coat of Arms
Güines
The man on the tower is San Julian, the patron saint for whom the town is named "San Julian de Güines", the 3 flowers beneath the castle are tobacco flowers, a symbol of fertility.

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Cárdenas Coat of Arms
Cárdenas
The chief of the arms shows the Cuban Flag, a right granted to the city by the "Academia de la Historia," for having been the first place in which the national emblem ever flew over Cuban soil. The small shield contains the coat of arms of the family of Don Mateo de Cárdenas, founder of the villa;
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Mayarí Coat of Arms
Mayarí
It is assumed that Mayarí's coat of arms was made between 1944 to 1946 after the initiative of historian Mario Vaillant Moon despite the fact that Mayarí had been constituted as the municipality since 1879.
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Cuban Flag
Origins of Cuban Flag
The first version says that the Venezuelan general Narciso López, made in 1848 the first serious attempt to help Cuba break away from Spanish rule. He carried 'La Estrella Solitaria' -'The Lone Star'-banner, Cuba's present flag. (While he was having important meetings on the revolution, his wife embroidered it). His attempt was not successful; only in 1902 Cuba became an independent republic and López's flag was adopted as the official flag.
The three blue stripes are the symbols of the original three provinces. The triangle is a masonic symbol, here signifying liberty, equality and fraternity. The red color is for the blood sacrificed by the Cuban patriots.

The other version is in the year 1849. It was a steamy hot day in New York City and General Narciso López, of Venezuelan origin, had joined the fight for Cuba's independence. Exhausted from planning all that was entailed in bringing Revolution to Cuba, he sat a local park, and quickly fell asleep. He was concerned about the pending arrival in Cuba. He felt a flag was necessary to add patriotic fervor to the endeavor. When he awoke in the park, the colors of the splendorous sky allowed him to envision the would-be flag. Full of emotion, he went to his friend, a poet and soon-to-be patriot, Miguel Teurbe Tolon, who incorporated Narciso's ideas and designed the flag which was later sewn by Emilia Teurbe Tolon.
And so it was: Three light blue stripes, later changed to ocean blue, representing Cuba's three sections at the time, Western, Central and Eastern. The two white stripes representing the purity and justice of the patriotic liberators' motives. While the lone white star within the equilateral red traingle represents the unity of our people upon the blood spilled by our revolutionary heroes.

When Cuba became independent from Spain on May 20, 1902, Cespedes Flag was officially designated the flag of the city of his birth: Bayamo, Oriente, and the flag which Venezuelan-born, Cuban patriot, Narciso López flew in the city of Cárdenas on May 19, 1850, was officially designated the Cuban national flag. In honor of Cespedes and the bravery of the residents of Bayamo, who during the 10 Year War burned the prosperous city to the ground and moved to the forrest rather than surrender it to the Spaniards, Bayamo was proclaimed a "National Monument" and from then on would have its name proceeded by the initials M.N. for "Monumento Nacional." Since Cuba gained independence from Spain, the flag of Bayamo is displayed alongside the Cuban national flag at official ceremonies and events.


Old Cuban Flags

(The flag images below courtesy of FOTW)

         

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Joaquin Infante Flag - 1810
 
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Sun's Flag 1823
 
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Suns and Rays of Bolivar - 1823
Joaquin Infante Flag - 1810   Design of Bolivar for the union of Cuba - 1823. Nickname: Sun's flag.   Flag used by the conspiracy "Suns and Rays of Bolivar", 1823.

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First Flag of Independence - 1823
 
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Club de la Habana flag - 1847
 
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Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana First Flag - 1848
1st flag of independence called "Suns and Rays of Bolívar" - 1823   Club de la Habana flag - 1847   Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana First Flag - 1848

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Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Second Flag - 1848
 
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Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Third Flag - 1848
 
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Grito de Yara - 1868
Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Second Flag - 1848   Conspiracy of La Mina de la Rosa Cubana Third Flag - 1848   Used by Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, Father of Cuba, in his uprising "Grito de Yara" of October 10, 1868

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Non-official use - 1878
 
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Flag of the 4th September 1933
   
Non-official use after 10 February 1878. Abolished: c. 1899.   'flag of the 4th September 1933'. The 4th September 1933 is the end of the dictatorship of Machado.  
 

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